Sand George – Indiana
Sand George – Indiana: Indiana, a young Creole from a noble family, married to her misery a retired, elderly and brutal officer, Colonel Delmare. She lives with him in the sadness of a provincial castle. His only comforts are his milk sister, Noun, and the visits of his cousin Ralph, a young man whom early sorrows rendered taciturn. A foolish seducer, Noun’s lover, Raymon de Ramiere, who, tired of his mistress, wants to seduce Indiana, comes to the castle. Discovering this betrayal, Noun commits suicide. Raymon, in spite of the misfortune with which he is the cause, succeeds in making himself loved by Indiana, but with a chaste love of which he is soon tired. Ruined, Colonel Delmare must go into exile in Ile Bourbon. The lovers are separated but Raymon calls to him Indiana ….
George Sand (pseudonym of Amantine Aurore Lucile Dupin, Baroness Dudevant, 1804-1876) was prolific writer (more than 70 novels and 50 various works). She defends women, advocates passion, castigates marriage and fights the prejudices of a conservative society. She is scandalized by her hectic love life, her masculine attire and her male pseudonym. Despite many detractors (including Charles Baudelaire) she actively contributes to the intellectual life of her time and is illustrated by a political commitment from 1848, inspiring Alexandre Ledru-Rollin, participant in the launch of three newspapers: The Cause of the People, The Bulletin of the Republic, the Scout. The Berry campaign often serves as a framework. Her first novels, like Indiana (1832), jostle social conventions and magnify the revolt of women by exposing the feelings of her contemporaries, something exceptional at the time and which divided both public opinion and the literary elite. Then George Sand opens his novels to the social question by defending the workers and the poor (The Companion of the Tour de France) and imagining a classless society without conflict (Mauprat, 1837 – The Miller of Angibault, 1845). She then turned to the peasant milieu and wrote idealized country novels such as La Mare au diable (1846), François le Champi (1848), La Petite Fadette (1849), Les Maîtres sonneurs (1853). (source of this biography: Wikipedia)